flamenco evolution

The evolution of flamenco from 1765

With a brief review of the evolution of flamenco as we know it today, already documented and professionally treated, we can begin with much more recent times: Between 1765 and 1860. At this point, we have found three important centers that will create the school: Cádiz, Jerez de la Frontera, and the Triana district of Seville. From that time on, flamenco dancing began to have a place among Spanish dances held in schools, often performed on terraces, sales and in private rooms when parties were held.

As for the guitar, at first he usually did not follow the canteen, which was usually performed on a dry stick, with no accompaniment other than a touch of applause. Some composers, such as Julián Arcas, began composing songs with flamenco sounds that would usher in a new era.

Between 1860 and 1910 you are entering a more fertile age that has begun to be called The golden age of flamenco. At that time singing cafes flourished, developing flamenco in all aspects; instrumentals, canteens and dance, until they definitively establish what we might consider the classicism of “jondo”. The dance takes on an unprecedented brilliance, which is the biggest attraction for the audience in these singing cafes, and the guitar gives a great boost as a fundamental and indispensable addition to singing and dancing.

Between 1910 and 1955, Cante was marked by what came to be called a degree Flamenco Opera where they send lighter buckets such as fandango and canteens with cruises (of South American influence, brought by singers immigrant from Latin America). Not everyone likes this new path that flamenco has taken 1922 a group of intellectuals, like Failure and other artists from Generation of 27 they create a competition in Granada, with the aim of seeking new values ​​that nurture authentic cante jondo. Since 1915, produces a theatrical dance cycle of exceptional quality that takes Spanish and flamenco dance to all stages of the world.

Since 1955 we meet a Renaissance flamenco, to be Antonio Mairena his main figure, with that interpretive rigor and his desire to explore and spread the orthodoxy of cant.

The dance takes place at this time in tablaos, which are the successors of previous singing cafes, with true dance figures, who alternate their performances not only in tablaos, but in theaters, festivals and other stages.

Guitarists, following the canteen and dancing, are gaining more importance, this art is reaching its maturity. The guitarist is currently not just an accompanist, but a soloist. Paco de Lucia marks the beginning of a new era of unprecedented brilliance, giving the guitar a universal dimension. Along with it, we should mention others who are true virtuosos of this instrument, such as Manuel Cano, Victor Monge SerranitoManolo Sanlucar.

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