What are the features of flamenco guitar?
What makes a Flamenco guitar different?
The flamenco guitar is one of the most popular Spanish guitar variants. This is not shocking, given that UNESCO considers flamenco a Cultural and Intangible Heritage of Humanity.
As you know, the flamenco guitar is an integral part of any tablao and without that instrument it seems difficult to conceive of a flamenco performance. While dance is perhaps the most striking feature of a flamenco performance, it all revolves around the singers’ song and emotional expression. The guitar was created to complement the singing but the flamenco guitar ‘s mastery is an art in itself today.
Where does the flamenco guitar come from?
It has its roots in the 18th century with strong Moorish and Spanish influences as some of you might already know if you have read our article on curiosities about flamenco. You can see these origins and mix of cultures clearly in the flamenco guitar sound. But the singing was the only protagonist at that time. The guitar was later introduced, accompanied by other instruments, such as the flutes, the flamenco box-drum or the violin, which today are more characteristic of flamenco.
Experts accept that in the 19th century the guitar joined the flamenco scene, replacing the singing which had been a cappella until then. In fact some cantes are still performed without musical accompaniment.
While there are varying opinions on the exact date, it is known that a flamenco guitarist’s first recorded reference dates from 1850 with “El Murciano” by Francisco Rodriguez.
It wasn’t until the 20th century that guitar and flamenco merged, thereby consolidating today’s flamenco art. In addition, he helped with the invention of the flamenco guitar to organize and control the flamenco singing patterns, give inputs and outputs, and order and learn new melodies.
Differences between flamenco and classical guitar
At first glance they may look the same but the flamenco guitar and the classical guitar are different. Likewise in the case of electric guitars, in which there are different forms, shapes, with more strings and different sounds for various styles, the same thing happens with the classical guitars. In comparison, music written for a traditional guitar has little to do with the flamenco guitar genre.
The key differences between the two instruments are:
- The flamenco guitar is significantly smaller than the classical guitar, so that it also has smaller sides.
- Typically the flamenco guitars are made of cypress and fir woodwhile the other is generally made of cedar and palo santo.
- The harmonic barsare positioned differently
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